比特币RPC API中文手册

区块链API
GetBestBlockHash/获取链头区块哈希 GetBlock/获取指定哈希的区块 GetBlockChainInfo/获取区块链当前状态 GetBlockCount/获取区块数量 GetBlockHash/获取指定高度区块的哈希 GetBlockHeader/获取指定哈希区块头 GetChainTips/获取全部链头区块 GetDifficulty/获取出块难度 GetMemPoolAncestors GetMemPoolDescendants GetMemPoolEntry GetMemPoolInfo/获取交易池信息 GetRawMemPool/获取交易池详情 GetTxOut/获取交易输出信息 GetTxOutProof/获取交易在区块中的证据 GetTxOutSetInfo/获取交易输出集信息 PreciousBlock PruneBlockChain VerifyChain/校验本地区块 VerifyTxOutProof
节点控制API
GetRpcInfo/获取rpc服务器信息 Help Stop/关闭节点软件
区块构造与挖矿API
Generate/挖矿出块 GenerateToAddress/挖矿出块并奖励指定地址 GetBlockTemplate GetMiningInfo/获取挖矿信息 GetNetworkHashPS/获取全网哈希生成速率 PrioritiseTransaction SubmitBlock/提交区块
P2P网络通信API
AddNode ClearBanned DisconnectNode GetAddedNodeInfo GetConnectionCount GetNetTotals GetNetworkInfo GetPeerInfo ListBanned Ping SetBan SetNetworkActive
裸交易相关API
CreateRawTransaction/创建裸交易 FundRawTransaction/充值裸交易 DecodeRawTransaction/解码裸交易 DecodeScript/解码脚本 GetRawTransaction/获取指定裸交易 SendRawTransaction/广播裸交易 SignRawTransaction/签名裸交易
工具类
CreateMultiSig/创建多签地址与脚本 EstimateFee EstimatePriority GetMemoryInfo/获取内存利用信息 ValidateAddress/验证地址有效性 VerifyMessage/验证消息签名
钱包相关
AbandonTransaction/废弃交易 AddWitnessAddress/添加隔离见证地址 AddMultiSigAddress/添加多签地址 BackupWallet/备份钱包文件 BumpFee/提高交易手续费 DumpPrivKey/导出指定私钥 DumpWallet/导出钱包文件 EncryptWallet/加密钱包 GetAccountAddress/获取指定账户当前地址 GetAccount/获取指定地址所述账户 GetAddressesByAccount GetBalance/查询钱包余额 GetNewAddress/生成新地址 GetRawChangeAddress/生成新找零地址 GetReceivedByAccount GetReceivedByAddress/查询指定地址收币数量 GetTransaction/查询指定交易 GetUnconfirmedBalance/查询钱包未确认余额 GetWalletInfo/获取钱包信息 ImportAddress/导入地址 ImportMulti ImportPrunedFunds ImportPrivKey/导入私钥 ImportWallet/导入钱包转储文件 KeyPoolRefill/预填充密钥池 ListAccounts ListAddressGroupings/按地址分组查询余额 ListLockUnspent/获取锁定状态UTXO ListReceivedByAccount ListReceivedByAddress/按地址统计收币数量 ListSinceBlock/查询指定区块后发生的钱包交易 ListTransactions/查询最近发生的钱包交易 ListUnspent/查询钱包UTXO LockUnspent/锁定或解锁指定的UTXO Move RemovePrunedFunds SendFrom SendMany SendToAddress/向指定地址发送比特币 SetAccount SetTxFee/设置交易手续费率 SignMessage/签名消息 SignMessageWithPrivKey/用指定私钥签名消息 WalletLock/锁定钱包 WalletPassphrase/解锁钱包 WalletPassphraseChange/修改钱包密码

DumpWallet/导出钱包文件

dumpwallet调用将钱包里的所有密钥导出到指定的文件。该调用 需要节点启用钱包,并且钱包解锁或未加密。

参数

  • Filename:导出文件名

返回值

成功时,dumpwallet调用返回null,否则返回一个错误对象。

示例代码

下面的命令将钱包导出到/tmp/dump.txt文件:

~$ bitcoin-cli -testnet dumpwallet /tmp/dump.txt

导出文件是文本格式的,因此可以直接查看,例如使用more查看:

~$ more /tmp/dump.txt

文件内容类似如下:

# Wallet dump created by Bitcoin v0.9.1.0-g026a939-beta (Tue, 8 Apr 2014 12:04:06 +0200)
# * Created on 2014-04-29T20:46:09Z
# * Best block at time of backup was 227221 (0000000026ede4c10594af8087748507fb06dcd30b8f4f48b9cc463cabc9d767),
#   mined on 2014-04-29T21:15:07Z

cTtefiUaLfXuyBXJBBywSdg8soTEkBNh9yTi1KgoHxUYxt1xZ2aA 2014-02-05T15:44:03Z label=test1 # addr=mnUbTmdAFD5EAg3348Ejmonub7JcWtrMck
cQNY9v93Gyt8KmwygFR59bDhVs3aRDkuT8pKaCBpop82TZ8ND1tH 2014-02-05T16:58:41Z reserve=1 # addr=mp4MmhTp3au21HPRz5waf6YohGumuNnsqT
cNTEPzZH9mjquFFADXe5S3BweNiHLUKD6PvEKEsHApqjX4ZddeU6 2014-02-05T16:58:41Z reserve=1 # addr=n3pdvsxveMBkktjsGJixfSbxacRUwJ9jQW
cTVNtBK7mBi2yc9syEnwbiUpnpGJKohDWzXMeF4tGKAQ7wvomr95 2014-02-05T16:58:41Z change=1 # addr=moQR7i8XM4rSGoNwEsw3h4YEuduuP6mxw7
cNCD679B4xi17jb4XeLpbRbZCbYUugptD7dCtUTfSU4KPuK2DyKT 2014-02-05T16:58:41Z reserve=1 # addr=mq8fzjxxVbAKxUGPwaSSo3C4WaUxdzfw3C